Meat Terms

Dentition

Description

Category/Cipher

VEAL
VEAL - Female or castrate or entire male bovine that:
  • Has no evidence of eruption of permanent incisor teeth.
  • Weighs no more than 150kg (HSCW).
  • In males after SSC assessment shows no evidence of SSC.
  • Shows youthfulness and Veal colour (Veal meat colour must not exceed the AUS-MEAT Veal colour standard V5).
VEAL * V * Optional Veal classes: Refer Veal section
 
BEEF
BEEF  - Female or castrate or entire male bovine that:
  • In males shows no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).
  • Dentition range for this category is 0 to 8 permanent incisor teeth.
BEEF * A * OR BEEF
 
BULL
BULL - Derived from entire or castrate male bovine animals showing signs of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

  • (SSC) in bovine are defined by the following well developed aspects:
  • Muscles on the neck and shoulder.
  • Inguinal canal and prominent erector muscle
  • Penis stub.
  • Pubic tubercle.

Exposed area of M. semimembranosus muscle-triangular and, relatively scarce scrotal fat and dark muscle colour.
BULL * B *
 

Bovine – Alternative Categories (Beef)

Dentition

Description

Category/Cipher

Beef

Carcase is derived from castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has 0 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

YEARLING STEER
* YS *
* Up to 18 months

 
Beef

Carcase is derived from female, castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has 0 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

YEARLING BEEF
* Y *
* Up to 18 months

 
Beef

Carcase is derived from female, castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 2 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

YOUNG BEEF
* YG *
* Up to 30 months

 
Beef

Carcase is derived from female, castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 2 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

YOUNG BEEF
* YG *
* Up to 30 months

 
Beef

Carcase is derived from castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 4 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

YOUNG PRIME STEER
* YPS *
* Up to 36 months

 
Beef

Carcase is derived from female, castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 4 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

YOUNG PRIME BEEF
* YP *
* Up to 36 months

 
Beef

Carcase is derived from castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 7 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

PRIME STEER
* PRS *
* Up to 42 months

 
Beef

Carcase is derived from female, castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no more than 7 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

PRIME BEEF
* PR *
* Up to 42 months

 
Beef

OX – Carcase is derived from female (only) bovine that:

  • Has no more than 7 permanent incisor teeth.

OX
* S *
* Up to 42 months

 
Beef

OX – STEER – Carcase is derived from castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has up to 8 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

OX * S * or STEER * SS *
* Any age

 
Beef

Carcase is derived from female bovine that:

  • Has 8 permanent incisor teeth.

COW * C *
* All ages

 

BOVINE – ALTERNATIVE CATEGORIES (BULL)

Dentition

Description

Category/Cipher

Beef

Carcase derived from entire male not assessed for SSC.

  • Has no evidence of eruption of permanent incisor teeth.
  • Carcase weighs more than 150kg *(HCSW).

YEARLING ENTIRE
* YE *

 
Bull

Carcase derived from entire male not assessed for SSC.

  • Has no evidence of eruption of more than 2 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Carcase weighs more than 150kg *(HCSW).

YOUNG ENTIRE
* YGE *

 
Bull

Carcase derived from castrate or entire male bovine that:

  • Has no evidence of eruption of more than 2 permanent incisor teeth.
  • Show signs of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).
  • Carcase weighs more than 150kg *(HCSW).

YOUNG BULL
* BYG *

 

OVINE – BASIC CATEGORIES (SHEEPMEAT)

Dentition

Description

Category/Cipher

Ovine

LAMB - female, castrate or entire male animal that:

  • Has 0 permanent incisor teeth.

LAMB * L *
* 12 months (approx.)

 
Ovine

MUTTON - female or castrate male animal that:

  • Has at least one (1) permanent incisor tooth.
  • In male has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

MUTTON * M *
* Over 10 months

 
Ovine

RAM - Entire or castrate male that shows Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

  • Entire male has evidence of at least one (1) permanent incisor tooth.

RAM * R *
* Over 10 months

 

OVINE – ALTERNATIVE CATEGORIES (SHEEPMEAT)

Dentition

Description

Category/Cipher

Ovine

Carcase derived from female or castrate male ovine that:

  • Has 0 permanent incisor teeth (in addition):
  • Has no eruption of permanent upper molar teeth.

YOUNG LAMB * YL ** Up to 5 months only

 
Ovine

Carcase derived from female or castrate male ovine that:

  • Has 1 but no more than 2 permanent incisor teeth.
  • In male has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

HOGGET * H * or YEARLING MUTTON
* 10 to 18 months

 
Ovine

Carcase derived from female ovine that:

  • Has 1 or more permanent incisor teeth.

EWE MUTTON * E *
* Over 10 months

 
Ovine

Carcase derived from castrate male ovine that:

  • Has 1 or more permanent incisor teeth.
  • Has no evidence of Secondary Sexual Characteristics (SSC).

WETHER MUTTON * W *
* Over 10 months